Fresh Kit's guide to creating the perfect home garden, features young lady grinning profusely with excitement after growing a healthy crop of plants in her garden

5 Steps to Creating the Perfect Home Garden

Transform your outdoor space with a beautiful home garden in five easy steps. From choosing the right plants to preparing the soil and designing the layout, this guide covers all the essentials for new gardeners.

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Creating the perfect home garden can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience for anyone, whether you’re a seasoned gardener or just starting out. If you are new to gardening, it can be overwhelming to know where to begin. That’s where this article comes in!

We’ll provide you with some key information to get you started on your home garden journey, from choosing the right plants and preparing the soil, to designing and maintaining your garden. With the right tools and techniques, you can create a beautiful and productive home garden that provides you with fresh produce, herbs, and flowers, as well as a relaxing outdoor space.

If you’ve ever dreamed of having your own home garden, now is the perfect time to start. A home garden can provide a wealth of benefits, from fresh produce and herbs to a beautiful outdoor space for relaxation and enjoyment. Plus, the sense of achievement that comes from creating and maintaining your own patch is unparalleled. Whether you have a large garden or a small terrace, there are plenty of options for creating a space that fits your needs.

Here are 5 steps to help you create the perfect home garden:

Step 1: Determine the size and location of your garden

Before you start planting, it’s important to determine the size and location of your garden.

Planning an outdoor space can be a great way to relax and enjoy the outdoors. But before you get started, it’s important to determine the size and location of your garden. Here are some tips to help you figure it out:

  1. First, measure the available space and decide how much of it you want to dedicate to your garden. If you have a small area, you might want to focus on creating a raised bed or a container garden. If you have a larger area, you can create a larger, more elaborate garden with a variety of plants and features.
  2. Next, consider your climate and the type of plants you want to grow. Different plants require different amounts of sunlight, water, and soil types, so it’s important to know what kind of environment your garden will need in order to thrive.
  3. Next, decide on the location of your garden. Consider how much sunlight the area gets and if it is sheltered from strong winds or other weather conditions that could affect your plants. Also, make sure to choose a spot that is accessible and easy to maintain.
  4. Finally, think about any features or accessories you might want to add to your garden such as a pond, trellis, or pergola. These can help enhance the look and feel of your garden and make it more enjoyable to work in.

Consider the amount of sunlight and space available.

When planning an outdoor space, it’s important to consider the amount of sunlight and space available. Sunlight is essential for all plants, so it’s important to make sure you’re able to provide enough of it for any vegetation you plan on having in your outdoor space, or to choose varieties that are suited to your home’s light levels. You also want to make sure you have enough space to comfortably fit whatever you’re planning on having in your outdoor area.

Sunlight is necessary for plants to photosynthesise and grow. Without enough sunlight, plants will become stunted or die. So if you plan on having any kind of vegetation in your outdoor space, you should make sure you have a spot that will get a good amount of sunlight throughout the day. If the area receives too much shade, it might be best to opt for plants that are more tolerant of lower light levels.

Having enough space is also important when planning an outdoor space. You want to make sure that whatever furniture or fixtures you’re planning on incorporating into your outdoor area will fit comfortably and leave plenty of room for you to move around in. If you don’t have enough space, it can make the area feel cramped and uncomfortable.

Choose a location that is easily accessible and visible, as you will want to spend time in your garden and be able to see it from your home.

Step 2: Select your plants

Once you have determined the size and location of your garden, it’s time to select your plants. Choose plants that are suitable for your climate, position, light levels and soil type, as well as the size and maintenance needs of each plant.

When planning an outdoor space, one of the most important things to consider is the plants you will be using. Choosing plants that are suitable for your local climate, position, light levels and soil type is essential to create a successful garden.


Different plants have different temperature requirements, so it is important to consider your local climate and choose plants that can survive in your area. For example, if you live in a hot, dry region, you should opt for drought-tolerant plants such as cacti and succulents. If you live in a colder climate, you should choose hardy plants that can withstand frost and snow.


You should also take into account the position of the garden in relation to the sun and wind. For example, some plants may require full sun exposure while others may prefer partial shade. If the garden is exposed to strong winds, you should choose plants that are more wind-tolerant.

Light Levels

Choosing plants that require similar light levels is also important. For example, if you are planting a shady area, you should focus on shade-loving plants like Hostas or Ferns. Similarly, if you are planting an area that receives full sun, you should choose sun-loving plants such as Marigolds or Daisies.

Soil Type

Lastly, the type of soil in your garden will also affect what types of plants you can grow. For example, if you have sandy soil, you should choose plants that are more tolerant of dry conditions such as Lavender or Sage. If you have clay soil, you should opt for moisture-loving plants such as Hydrangeas or Azaleas.

By taking all of these factors into consideration, you can ensure that the plants you choose are suitable for your climate, position, light levels and soil type. This will help to create a successful and thriving outdoor space!

Mix and match different types of plants, such as vegetables, flowers, and herbs, to create a diverse and interesting garden.

Step 3: Prepare the soil

Before planting, it’s important to prepare the soil. Test the pH of your soil to determine if any adjustments need to be made. You may need to add compost or other amendments to improve the soil quality.

It’s important to speak with local nurseries or other gardeners, since nothing will beat their knowledge and experience in local soils and the potential ups and downs of gardening in your area, however here are some likely things you might need to add to improve soil in the UK:

  • Add compost or well-rotted manure to improve soil structure, aeration, and water-holding capacity.
  • Add lime to reduce soil acidity and make it more alkaline.
  • Add gypsum to break down clay soils.
  • Use organic fertilisers like fish emulsion or seaweed extract for essential nutrients
  • Use slow-release fertilisers like blood meal or bone meal for a steady supply of nutrients.
  • Add sand or grit to improve drainage and reduce water-logging risk.

Proper soil preparation will help ensure that your plants have the nutrients they need to thrive.

Step 4: Create a layout and design

Once you have selected your plants and prepared the soil, it’s time to create a layout and design for your garden. You can use a garden plan or sketch out a design on your own if you need or want to, or hire a professional garden designer near you to provide a solution.

If you’re opting to draw it yourself:

Creating a garden design on paper is an excellent way to plan an outdoor space. It can help you to visualise what you have in mind, and ensure that your design works within the available space. Here are some good ways to create a layout and design on paper for your garden:

Start with a rough sketch

Begin by sketching a rough outline of the garden space, including the shape of the area, any walkways, and the main features such as trees and shrubs. Use a pencil so that you can erase and make changes as needed.

Assess the area

Once you have an initial sketch, assess the area to get a better understanding of the space available and the soil conditions. This will help you decide what type of plants will do well in the space, and where to place them.

Measure carefully

Take accurate measurements of the area, including widths, lengths, and heights. This will help you to create a more detailed drawing of your garden design, ensuring that your design is scaled correctly.

Visualise with colour

Now that you have a plan for your garden design, use coloured pencils or markers to add colour to your drawing. This will give you an idea of how the plants and other elements will look when they are in place.

Consider the layout

When creating a garden design on paper, consider how the elements of the design work together. Think about how pathways will lead through the garden, what type of furniture might be included, and how different areas can be used for different purposes.

Consider the height, colour, and texture of each plant, as well as how they will look together. Leave room for growth and allow for proper spacing between plants.

Creating a garden design on paper is an important part of planning an outdoor space. By following these steps, you can ensure that your own design works within the available space, and that it is visually appealing and functional.

Step 5: Maintenance and care

Once your garden is planted, it’s important to provide proper maintenance and care to keep it thriving.

Here are some great tips and tricks for maintaining a garden:

  1. Water regularly and deeply, especially during dry spells. This will help to keep your plants hydrated and prevent them from becoming stressed.
  2. Prune and deadhead your plants regularly to keep them looking their best. This will help to encourage new growth and prevent them from becoming overgrown.
  3. Keep an eye out for pests and diseases, and take steps to address any issues that arise. This might include using pesticides or removing infected plants.
  4. Mulch around your plants to help retain moisture, suppress weeds, and add nutrients to the soil.
  5. Fertilise your plants regularly to provide them with the nutrients they need to thrive.

Here are some websites that can help you care for and maintain your garden:

  • Royal Horticultural Society ( This website provides a wealth of information and advice on all aspects of gardening, including plant care, garden design, and sustainability.
  • BBC Gardeners’ World ( This website offers tips and advice on gardening, as well as the latest news and trends in the gardening world.
  • The English Garden ( This website features articles and videos on garden design, plant care, and garden inspiration.
  • The National Trust ( This website provides information on the beautiful gardens cared for by the National Trust, as well as gardening tips and ideas.

Concluding this article

In conclusion, creating the perfect home garden can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience. Whether you are a seasoned gardener or just starting out, there are many benefits to having a home garden, including fresh produce, a beautiful outdoor space, and a sense of accomplishment.

By following the 5 steps outlined in this blog, you can successfully create and maintain a home garden that fits your needs and preferences. Don’t be afraid to get creative and experiment with different plant combinations and designs. With a little bit of planning and care, you can have a thriving and productive home garden.

You could also try our tips to save money in the garden if you’re looking for additional ways to enhance your outdoor space and keep more money in your pocket.

Happy gardening!

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