Tropical regions are the parts of the world that are located near the equator. These regions usually experience warm, humid climates year-round. The most common characteristics of tropical regions are high temperatures, high humidity, and plentiful rainfall.
These regions typically occur within the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn and include parts of Africa, South and Southeast Asia, and Central and South America. Read on to discover more about these vital world biomes, their ecosystems and what makes them so special to visit and important for our future.
In Africa, tropical regions include many countries along the western and eastern coasts of the continent, including Nigeria, Cameroon, Gabon, Angola, and Mozambique.
The tropical regions of Africa are characterized by their lush rainforests and diverse wildlife. Visitors to these regions can expect to encounter colourful birds, monkeys swinging from the trees, and even gorillas and chimpanzees in some areas.
The region is also known for its vibrant culture and diverse communities, and spending time there can be a truly enriching experience. Whether you’re exploring the rainforest on a hike, observing wildlife on a safari, or experiencing the local culture, there is always something new to discover in Africa’s tropical regions.
Tropical South x Southeast Asia
In South and Southeast Asia, tropical regions include India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Indonesia, and Malaysia.
The tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia are known for their rich cultural heritage, vibrant cities, and pristine beaches. Visitors to these areas can expect to encounter a rich tapestry of cultures and traditions, from the bustling streets of cities like Bangkok to the peaceful villages of rural Thailand.
The region is also home to some of the world’s most stunning natural landscapes, including lush tropical rainforests and vibrant coral reefs. Whether you’re relaxing on a tropical beach, exploring ancient temples, or discovering the local cuisine, there is always something new to experience in South and Southeast Asia’s tropical regions.
Tropical Central x South America
And in Central and South America, tropical regions include Mexico, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay.
The tropical regions of Central and Southern America are characterized by their diverse landscapes, from the lush rainforests of the Amazon to the deserts of the Andes. Visitors to these regions can expect to encounter incredible wildlife, from jaguars and monkeys to brightly coloured poison dart frogs.
The region is also known for its rich cultural heritage, from the ancient civilizations of the Inca and Maya to the vibrant traditions of modern-day indigenous communities. Whether you’re exploring the rainforest on a hike, observing wildlife on a jungle tour, or experiencing the local culture, there is always something new to discover in Central and Southern America’s tropical regions.
These tropical regions are home to some unique and beautiful ecosystems. For example, the rainforest is one of the most biodiverse ecosystems in the world. In tropical Africa, you can find the savanna grasslands and the Congo rainforest. In tropical areas of South and Southeast Asia, you can find lush jungles full of exotic wildlife. And in low areas of Central and South America, you can find lush rainforests full of rare plants and animals.
Tropical Regions: A Comparison of Environmental Characteristics
|Region||Average Temperature (°C)||Average Humidity (%RH)||Average Rainfall (mm/yr)||Ecosystems||Flora||Fauna|
|Africa||25-30||70-90||1000-2000||Savannas, rainforests, deserts, coastal ecosystems||Rich and varied, including baobab trees, acacia trees, and orchids||Large populations of big game, primates, and diverse bird species|
|South and Southeast Asia||25-30||80-90||1500-2500||Tropical rainforests, mangroves, coral reefs||Lush tropical rainforests, diverse undergrowth||Monkeys, reptiles, diverse bird species, marine life|
|Central & Southern America||20-30||70-90||1000-3000||Tropical rainforests, savannas, deserts||Rich and diverse, including towering trees and colourful flowers||Jaguars, monkeys, diverse bird species, reptiles, amphibians|
Note: These values are based on general averages and may vary depending on the specific location within each region. Additionally, the data is based on average values and may fluctuate from year to year based on various factors such as climate patterns and local weather conditions.
Tropical regions are critical to our planet’s well-being, playing a vital role in sustaining life and supporting the livelihoods of millions of people globally. These areas are characterised by their lush landscapes, diverse ecosystems and unique biodiversity, making them some of the most biologically rich and dynamic regions on Earth.
The rainforests, mangroves, savannas, and coral reefs of the tropical world harbour an incredible array of plant and animal species, many of which are found nowhere else on the planet. In addition to providing habitat for countless species, these regions also play a crucial role in regulating the Earth’s climate and providing essential services, such as carbon sequestration and water filtration, that benefit the entire planet.
Tropical regions are a valuable source of natural resources for human populations, providing timber, food, and medicinal products, among others. In short, tropical regions are essential to our survival and must be protected and conserved for future generations to enjoy.